At St Charles' Catholic Primary School, we believe that literacy and communication are key life skills. it is our role, through the English curriculum, to help children develop the skills and knowledge that will enable them to communicate effectively and creatively with the world at large, through spoken and written language. Through a love of reading that is embedded within our school, we strive to help children to enjoy and appreciate literature and its rich variety.

Aims and Objectives:

As a school, we aim to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping children with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading both across the curriculum and at home. We aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • read easily, fluently and with good understanding
  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate.

In all Key Stages a range of genres are taught, including fiction, non-fiction and  poetry. Along with discrete English units, cross-curricular writing opportunities are used as often as possible. In KS1, we use a Talk4Writing approach across the school which involves teaching writing though three stages: imitation, innovation and invention. The process begins by the children immersing themselves in a text through story mapping, oral retelling, drama and games. This then progresses to deconstructing the text to identify what makes it work, and creating a toolkit for their own writing. The second stage of the process involves shared writing to adapt the text to create a new piece of writing, based closely on the model text. Teacher guidance and modelling at this stage enables pupils to learn the process of writing, and to share in the process of checking and assessing against co-constructed success criteria. The final stage is when pupils can take what they have learnt and apply it by writing their own text in the same genre. Pupils are encouraged to 'magpie' words from other sources to improve their writing. In KS2 we build upon this, following our own long term overviews detailing set genres for each year group. Each genre is taught sequentially following a structure which ensures high quality writing as a result of detailed text analysis, clarity of genre features, teaching and application of grammar and punctuation and key vocabulary.

Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling (GPS):

Improving pupils' understanding and use of grammar, punctuation and spelling is a key driver in our school. 

Throughout Key Stages 1 and 2, we teach daily spelling lessons through Read Write Inc. that focus on specific spelling rules and patterns. Pupils are tested on these in weekly spelling tests that are made up of a combination of seen and unseen words. 

Punctuation and grammar is taught in discrete lessons and is embedded in daily teaching of writing. Different objectives are taught, following the St Charles' Grammar Scheme of Work, in each year group. This has been planned in line with National Curriculum requirements. In addition to this, revision or extension of skills is targeted within each class to ensure that all pupils are making progress at their own level. 

Termly grammar, punctuation and spelling tests are used to assess pupils' progress in this area and identify any gaps in learning.


Reading is taught through reading skills lessons, in addition to being an integral part of all writing teaching. Pupils read a range of fiction and non-fiction texts that are appropriate for their level of comprehension. Activities are planned to support understanding of the text and to develop pupils' skills in decoding, predicting, questioning, clarifying, imagining and summarising.

Children are encouraged to read their home/school reading books but also reading books of their own choice to promote a love and pleasure for reading. We believe that a joint approach between school and home is optimal for cultivating both skills and passion for reading, and encourage pupils to take books home to read with family members.


Across Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, pupils are set weekly English homework. This consists of a GPS task or a written piece relating to their current English genre type, in which they can apply their GPS learning.

Spellings are sent home to learn weekly. These include a mixture of spellings using the taught spelling pattern and irregular or high frequency words from the National Curriculum at the appropriate year group.

See Homework Policy for more information.

See below English Overviews for all years groups

T. 0191 285 2553 E. admin@stcharles.newcastle.sch.uk A.Regent Farm Road, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE3 3HE